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[6月2日] 劳动与健康经济学Workshop

发布日期:2021-05-28 04:17    来源:

时间:62日(周三)1000-1130

主讲人:熊婉茹普林斯顿大学

报告题目: Two Studies about Human Trafficking in China(关于中国拐卖妇女儿童的两项研究)

参会方式:腾讯会议线上平台(若有意参会,请发送姓名、学院至 lhworkshop_pku@163.com以获取会议链接,仅限北大师生)

主持人:(国发院)赵耀辉、李玲、刘国恩、雷晓燕、张丹丹

     (经院)秦雪征、石菊、王耀璟、袁野

报告摘要:

The first study examines whether a shortage of marriageable women induces trafficking of women for forced marriage in China as commonly expected. I assemble a dataset of 1,215 transactions of women for forced marriage from 2010 to 2018 using court documents. My analysis suggests that the trafficking of women is not a direct consequence of the local shortage of marriageable women. The fundamental causes are entrenched patriarchal values as indicated by a high local sex ratio at birth, sex-specific internal migration, and the marriage squeeze endured by socially marginalized men in the context of a shortage of women in the population.

The second study presents evidence of son preference in the child trafficking market for illegal adoption in China, where son preference is explicitly revealed by choice and quantified by the price premium of a boy. The author documented 1,328 court documents of trafficking transactions of children aged below four for illegal adoption from 2008 to 2017 in China. 59% of the victims are boys. Nearest-neighbor matching estimators show that under similar conditions, adopted baby boys are about 1.6 times as expensive as girls, which is equivalent to a premium of around 21,000 yuan (around $3,000). The price ratios declined in recent years.

主讲人简介:

Wanru Xiong is a Ph.D. Candidate in Demography in the Office of Population Research at Princeton University. She obtained her Master’s degree in Economics from the National School of Development at Peking University in 2016. Her research interests include fertility, marriage and family, migration, and population projection. Her research uses quantitative methods to examine the dynamics between societal demographic processes and individual decisions about migration, marriage, fertility, and living arrangements.